Investor-State Law Guide

Understanding the Jurisprudence Reference Counter

This article will explain what the reference counter means, and where you will see it across ISLG.

Explaining the reference counter

The reference counter refers to the number of times this paragraph or document has been cited within the Jurisprudence Citator tool. There are two types of reference indicators:

Reference indicator for the paragraph: 

This refers to the number of times this specific paragraph has been cited within the Jurisprudence Citator (in other words, by other subsequent tribunals’ dispute documents).

Reference indicator for excerpt paragraphs

Reference indicator for the whole dispute document:

This refers to the number of times this document as a whole has been cited within the Jurisprudence Citator.

Reference indicator for the whole document

Read “Getting started with the Jurisprudence Citator” to learn more about the Jurisprudence Citator Tool.

The reference indicator can be a helpful guide when you want to see how frequently a dispute document or a specific paragraph has been referred to.

Where it will appear across ISLG

Most places in ISLG where you can preview paragraph excerpts will display the reference counter. Some exceptions will be Full Text Search, where previewing excerpts is in relation to a searched term. 

To see the reference count for whole documents, you can find them wherever dispute documents are available in a card/list view. Below is a list of where you will find the reference counter in ISLG:

  • Jurisprudence Citator
  • Subject Navigator
  • Dispute Document Library (for whole document count only)
  • Article Citator
  • Publication Citator
  • Terms and Phrases
  • Full Text Search (for whole document count only)

Related Resources

Getting started with the Jurisprudence Citator

Use this guide to become more familiar with the Jurisprudence Citator tool and how you can use it to see how specific decisions, awards and judgments from previous cases have been treated by investment treaty tribunals, annulment committees and reviewing courts.

Following dispute document references

There are two types of jurisprudence citator references: general references (a reference to the decision or award as a whole or “generally”) and specific references (a reference to a specific passage or paragraph of the decision or award).

Understanding the Research Tools

Use this to familiarize yourself with the brand new and updated core features of ISLG to help you maximize your research. Knowing which tool can help you with what will enable you to get the full power of ISLG and reduce your time spent searching for information.

Overview of Dispute Document View

Dispute document cards throughout the Research Tools and within the Dispute Document Library will lead you to the detail view of a dispute document. The document view is organized into three areas: navigation and actions; document and dispute details; and document text.